by M.R. But in the reserved constituencies for SC and ST the BJP gained more than the Congress in terms of its vote share especially in the adivasi areas where it consolidated its influence in certain pockets. It shows that sweeping statements about ‘dalit’ and ‘adivasi’ vote banks obfuscate the reality. The ensuing internecine war among the Marathas was fully exploited by the British, who interfered in the affairs of both Gaekwads and the Peshwas.  The population density is 308 km−2 (797.6/sq mi), lower than other Indian states. Apart from this, English, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marwari, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and others are spoken by a considerable number of economic migrants from other states of India seeking employment. Gujarat produces about 98% of India's required amount of soda ash, and gives the country about 78% of the national requirement of salt. , To 16th-century European observers, Gujarat was a fabulously wealthy country. The Ambaji Fair is held in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad (around August–September) at Ambaji, during a time which is particularly suitable for farmers, when the busy monsoon season is about to end. Chief Minister on 7 August 2016 after Anandiben Patel resigned earlier on 3 August. 108–58). Religion-wise population in Karnataka Hinduism (84.00%) Islam (12.92%) Christianity (1.87%) Jainism (0.72%) Buddhism (0.16%) Sikhism (0.05%) Other (0.02%) Not religious (0.27%) Break down of population by caste. Gujarat (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] (listen)) is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population of 60.4 million. Amul Was formed as a dairy cooperative in 1946, in the city of Anand, Gujarat. Gujarat State is established on 1-May-1960. They possess very large and fine ships and those who wish Chinese articles will find them there very completely. Caste wise 1. The Institute of Seismological Research (ISR) was established by the Science and Technology Department, Government of Gujarat, in 2003 and is registered as a society. Home > Gujarat.  BJP retained the power in subsequent elections in 2007 and 2012 and Narendra Modi continued as the Chief Minister. Two more airports (Ankleshwar, Rajkot) are under construction. Mumbai theatre veteran, Alyque Padamsee, best known in the English-speaking world for playing Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Sir Richard Attenborough's Gandhi, was from a traditional Gujarati-Kutchi family from Kathiawar.. , Shrimad Rajchandra Vachnamrut and Shri Atma Siddhi Shastra, written in 19th century by philosopher Shrimad Rajchandra (Mahatma Gandhi's guru) are very well known.. Well known laureates of Gujarati literature are Hemchandracharya, Narsinh Mehta, Mirabai, Akho, Premanand Bhatt, Shamal Bhatt, Dayaram, Dalpatram, Narmad, Govardhanram Tripathi, Mahatma Gandhi, K. M. Munshi, Umashankar Joshi, Suresh Joshi, Swaminarayan, Pannalal Patel and Rajendra Shah.. Surat, a city by the Gulf of Khambhat, is a hub of the global diamond trade. Due to close proximity to the Arabian Sea, Gujarat has developed a mercantile ethos which maintained a cultural tradition of seafaring, long-distance trade, and overseas contacts with the outside world since ancient times, and the diffusion of culture through Gujarati diaspora was a logical outcome of such a tradition. It was a students' and middle-class people's movement against economic crisis and corruption in public life. Before he became emperor, Aurangzeb was made Subahdar of Gujarat subah as part of his training and was stationed at Ahmedabad. , In the late 8th century, the Kannauj Triangle period started. The density of Gujarat state in the current decade is 798 per sq mile. , According to 2011 census, the religious makeup in Gujarat was 88.6% Hindu, 9.7% Muslim, 1.0% Jain, 0.5% Christian, 0.1% Sikh, 0.05% Buddhist and 0.03% others. The last true census came out in the Chinappa Reddy commission report in 1988. He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Please introduce links to this page from ; try the Find link tool for suggestions. Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad, Gujarati is the official language of the state. The four major regions of Gujarat all bring their own styles to Gujarati food. Pilaji Gaekwad, first ruler of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and other parts of Gujarat. , The Government of Gujarat, to improve soil management and introduce farmers to new technology, started on a project which involved giving every farmer a Soil Health Card.  Southern Gujarat was ruled by the south Indian Rashtrakuta dynasty until it was captured by the south Indian ruler Tailapa II of the Western Chalukya Empire. Wait and introspect, the answers here are quoting rumors on the newspapers. Towards the middle of the 5th century, the Gupta empire went into decline. Kavi Kant, Zaverchand Meghani and Kalapi are famous Gujarati poets. About 1.5 million devotees are known to attend this fair each year from all over the world. The colourful Rann Utsav Festival is held annually in the Rann of Kutch, People enjoying Raan Utsav at Dhordo, Kutch. In 1292 the Vaghelas became tributaries of the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri in the Deccan. Khambhat eclipsed Bharuch as Gujarat's most important trade port. In a post-election interview, the BJP president Amit Shah claimed that his 150+ mission had failed because of the “dirty and low level casteist politics of the Congress and its allies”.  Pires noted in his Suma Orientale:. Intercity Bus Services – connects major cities – Ahmedabad, Surat, Veraval, Vapi, Vadodara (Baroda) and Rajkot.  According to a 2009 report on economic freedom by the Cato Institute, Gujarat is the most free state in India (the second one being Tamil Nadu). The male and female literacy at 59.2 per cent and 36 per cent respectively indicate that women are lagging behind male counterparts by 23.2 percentage points. Hinduism constitutes 88.57% of Gujarat population. Many local rulers, notably the Maratha Gaekwad Maharajas of Baroda (Vadodara), made a separate peace with the British and acknowledged British sovereignty in return for retaining local self-rule. They also have a long association with the Sangh organisations, and one may also recall that many adivasis had even participated in the Gujarat riots of 2002.  However, the earliest epigraphical records of the Gurjars of Broach attest that the royal bloodline of the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty of Dadda I-II-III (650–750) ruled south Gujarat. It is expected to complete by December 2018. Gilles Verniers. The incident of the cup-bearer torn apart by a lion might indicate that the port city described is in Gujarat.  Some stories propose a Brahmin named Tritresta was the first to bring Gujarati migrants with him to Java, so some scholars equate him with Aji Saka. Kaba Gandhi No Delo in Rajkot exhibits part of a rare collection of photographs relating to the life of Mahatma Gandhi. However, the vote shares of different parties tell almost an entirely different story. The fall of that government was provoked by a split in the BJP led by Shankersinh Vaghela. 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